Being Able to Defend Marriage – Know your Doctrine

Excerpts are from the Catechism of the Catholic Church.

God is the author of marriage:

Part 1, Section 2, Chapter 1, Article 1, Paragraph 6, SubSection 3, Heading 2 372 Man and woman were made “for each other” – … for they are equal as persons (“bone of my bones. . .”) and complementary as masculine and feminine. In marriage God unites them in such a way that, by forming “one flesh”, 245 they can transmit human life: “Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.” 246 By transmitting human life to their descendants, man and woman as spouses and parents co-operate in a unique way in the Creator’s work.

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 1 1602 Sacred Scripture begins with the creation of man and woman in the image and likeness of God and concludes with a vision of “the wedding-feast of the Lamb.” 85 Scripture speaks throughout of marriage and its “mystery,” its institution and the meaning God has given it, its origin and its end…

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 2 1603…. God himself is the author of marriage.” 87 The vocation to marriage is written in the very nature of man and woman as they came from the hand of the Creator….. “The well-being of the individual person and of both human and Christian society is closely bound up with the healthy state of conjugal and family life.” 89

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 4 1609 In his mercy God has not forsaken sinful man. … After the fall, marriage helps to overcome self-absorption, egoism, pursuit of one’s own pleasure, and to open oneself to the other, to mutual aid and to self-giving.

Indissolubility of Marriage

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 4 1610 Moral conscience concerning the unity and indissolubility of marriage developed under the pedagogy of the old law.

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 4 1611 Seeing God’s covenant with Israel in the image of exclusive and faithful married love, the prophets prepared the Chosen People’s conscience for a deepened understanding of the unity and indissolubility of marriage. 102 The books of Ruth and Tobit bear moving witness to an elevated sense of marriage and to the fidelity and tenderness of spouses. Tradition has always seen in the Song of Solomon a unique expression of human love, insofar as it is a reflection of God’s love – a love “strong as death” that “many waters cannot quench.” 103

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 5 …. 105 The Church attaches great importance to Jesus’ presence at the wedding at Cana. She sees in it the confirmation of the goodness of marriage and the proclamation that thenceforth marriage will be an efficacious sign of Christ’s presence.

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 5 1615 … Jesus has not placed on spouses a burden impossible to bear, or too heavy – heavier than the Law of Moses. 108 …It is by following Christ, renouncing themselves, and taking up their crosses that spouses will be able to “receive” the original meaning of marriage and live it with the help of Christ. 109 This grace of Christian marriage is a fruit of Christ’s cross, the source of all Christian life.

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 2 2382 The Lord Jesus insisted on the original intention of the Creator who willed that marriage be indissoluble. 174 He abrogates the accommodations that had slipped into the old Law. 175 Between the baptized, “a ratified and consummated marriage cannot be dissolved by any human power or for any reason other than death.” 176

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 2 2384 Divorce is a grave offense against the natural law. It claims to break the contract, to which the spouses freely consented, to live with each other till death. Divorce does injury to the covenant of salvation, of which sacramental marriage is the sign. Contracting a new union, even if it is recognized by civil law, adds to the gravity of the rupture: the remarried spouse is then in a situation of public and permanent adultery:
If a husband, separated from his wife, approaches another woman, he is an adulterer because he makes that woman commit adultery, and the woman who lives with him is an adulteress, because she has drawn another’s husband to herself. 178

Marriage as a Sacrament

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 5 617…. Since it signifies and communicates grace, marriage between baptized persons is a true sacrament of the New Covenant. 112

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, Heading 6 1620…. 117 Esteem of virginity for the sake of the kingdom 118 and the Christian understanding of marriage are inseparable, and they reinforce each other:
Whoever denigrates marriage also diminishes the glory of virginity. …

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 2 1622 “Inasmuch as it is a sacramental action of sanctification, the liturgical celebration of marriage . . . must be, per se, valid, worthy, and fruitful.” 123 It is therefore appropriate for the bride and groom to prepare themselves for the celebration of their marriage by receiving the sacrament of penance.

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 3 1625 The parties to a marriage covenant are a baptized man and woman, free to contract marriage, who freely express their consent; “to be free” means:
– not being under constraint;
– not impeded by any natural or ecclesiastical law.

Annulment

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 3 1629 For this reason (or for other reasons that render the marriage null and void) the Church, after an examination of the situation by the competent ecclesiastical tribunal, can declare the nullity of a marriage, i.e., that the marriage never existed. 132 In this case the contracting parties are free to marry, provided the natural obligations of a previous union are discharged. 133

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 4 1638 “From a valid marriage arises a bond between the spouses which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive; furthermore, in a Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and, as it were, consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state by a special sacrament.” 142

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 4, Heading 1 1640 Thus the marriage bond has been established by God himself in such a way that a marriage concluded and consummated between baptized persons can never be dissolved. This bond, which results from the free human act of the spouses and their consummation of the marriage, is a reality, henceforth irrevocable, and gives rise to a covenant guaranteed by God’s fidelity. The Church does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine wisdom. 146

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 5, Heading 2 1646 By its very nature conjugal love requires the inviolable fidelity of the spouses. This is the consequence of the gift of themselves which they make to each other. Love seeks to be definitive; it cannot be an arrangement “until further notice.” The “intimate union of marriage, as a mutual giving of two persons, and the good of the children, demand total fidelity from the spouses and require an unbreakable union between them.”

Divorce and remarriage

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 5, Heading 2 1650…. In fidelity to the words of Jesus Christ – “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery” 160 the Church maintains that a new union cannot be recognized as valid, if the first marriage was. If the divorced are remarried civilly, they find themselves in a situation that objectively contravenes God’s law. Consequently, they cannot receive Eucharistic communion as long as this situation persists. For the same reason, they cannot exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities. Reconciliation through the sacrament of Penance can be granted only to those who have repented for having violated the sign of the covenant and of fidelity to Christ, and who are committed to living in complete continence.

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 6 1664 Unity, indissolubility, and openness to fertility are essential to marriage. …divorce separates what God has joined together; the refusal of fertility turns married life away from its “supreme gift,” the child (GS 50 § 1).

Part 2, Section 2, Chapter 3, Article 7, SubSection 6 1665 The remarriage of persons divorced from a living, lawful spouse contravenes the plan and law of God as taught by Christ. They are not separated from the Church, but they cannot receive Eucharistic communion. They will lead Christian lives especially by educating their children in the faith.

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 1 2381 Adultery is an injustice. He who commits adultery fails in his commitment. He does injury to the sign of the covenant which the marriage bond is, transgresses the rights of the other spouse, and undermines the institution of marriage by breaking the contract on which it is based. …

Duties and responsibilities of civil authority

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 4, SubSection 2 2210 The importance of the family for the life and well-being of society 13 entails a particular responsibility for society to support and strengthen marriage and the family. Civil authority should consider it a grave duty “to acknowledge the true nature of marriage and the family, to protect and foster them, to safeguard public morality, and promote domestic prosperity.” 14

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 4, SubSection 2 2211 The political community has a duty to honor the family, to assist it, and to ensure especially:
– the freedom to establish a family, have children, and bring them up in keeping with the family’s own moral and religious convictions;
the protection of the stability of the marriage bond and the institution of the family;
– the freedom to profess one’s faith, to hand it on, and raise one’s children in it, with the necessary means and institutions;
– the right to private property, to free enterprise, to obtain work and housing, and the right to emigrate;
– in keeping with the country’s institutions, the right to medical care, assistance for the aged, and family benefits;
– the protection of security and health, especially with respect to dangers like drugs, pornography, alcoholism, etc.;
– the freedom to form associations with other families and so to have representation before civil authority. 15

Living together before Marriage

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 2, Heading 3 2350 Those who are engaged to marry are called to live chastity in continence. They should see in this time of testing a discovery of mutual respect, an apprenticeship in fidelity, and the hope of receiving one another from God. They should reserve for marriage the expressions of affection that belong to married love. They will help each other grow in chastity.

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 3 2390 In a so-called free union, a man and a woman refuse to give juridical and public form to a liaison involving sexual intimacy.
The expression “free union” is fallacious: what can “union” mean when the partners make no commitment to one another, each exhibiting a lack of trust in the other, in himself, or in the future?
The expression covers a number of different situations: concubinage, rejection of marriage as such, or inability to make long-term commitments. 183 All these situations offend against the dignity of marriage; they destroy the very idea of the family; they weaken the sense of fidelity. They are contrary to the moral law. The sexual act must take place exclusively within marriage. Outside of marriage it always constitutes a grave sin and excludes one from sacramental communion.

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 3 2391 Some today claim a “right to a trial marriage” where there is an intention of getting married later. However firm the purpose of those who engage in premature sexual relations may be, “the fact is that such liaisons can scarcely ensure mutual sincerity and fidelity in a relationship between a man and a woman, nor, especially, can they protect it from inconstancy of desires or whim.” 184 Carnal union is morally legitimate only when a definitive community of life between a man and woman has been established. Human love does not tolerate “trial marriages.” It demands a total and definitive gift of persons to one another. 185

Dignity of Marriage

Part 3, Section 2, Chapter 2, Article 6, SubSection 4, Heading 3 2400 Adultery, divorce, polygamy, and free union are grave offenses against the dignity of marriage.

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Mary Queen Of The Angels Leads The Fight Against Demons And The Powers Of Hell.

10th August 2015

Feast Day: August 2nd.

An article in’ Family Life International Australia Ltd’ (August 2015) laments society’s “descent into the abyss”. It explains that we cannot fight this fight on our own. Following is a story that explains why we must ask our Blessed Mother, under the title of “Queen of the Angels” to ask her help in fighting these demons.

The story:

“In 1863 a Bernardine Sister was shown in spirit the vast desolation caused by the Devil throughout the world. At the same time, she heard the Blessed Virgin telling her it was true, Hell had been let loose upon the earth, and that the time had come to pray to her as Queen of Angels and to ask of her the assistance of the Heavenly Legions to fight against these deadly foes of God and men.

“But, my good Mother,” she replied, “you who are so kind, could you not send them without our asking

“No,” Our Lady answered, “because prayer is one of the conditions required by God Himself for obtaining favors.”

Then the Blessed Virgin communicated the following prayer, bidding her to have it printed and distribute it everywhere.

The Prayer:

August Queen of Heaven, sovereign Mistress of the Angels, who didst receive from the beginning the mission and the power to crush the Serpent’s head, we beseech thee to send thy holy Angels, that under thy command and by thy power, they may pursue the evil spirits, encounter them on every side, resist their bold attacks, and drive them hence into the abyss of woe.

Most holy Mother, send thy Angels to defend us and to drive the cruel enemy from us. All ye holy Angels and Archangels help and defend us. “

This prayer has a partial indulgence attached to it.

Quotes:

(Bishop Fulton Sheen): “How shall we overcome the Spirit of Satan except by the power of that woman to whom Almighty God has given the mandate to crush the head of the serpent.”

(St. Bonaventure): “Oh, how fearful is Mary to the Devils!”

Extra information:
See the websites below for more information about the power of Mary under this title:
http://www.traditioninaction.org/SOD/j141sdQueenofAngels_8-02.htm

and
http://www.unitypublishing.com/Apparitions/DoorOurLady%27sPower.html

There has been no time of greater need in History than today . As Family Life International tells us – “Let us storm heaven with our prayers, so that the holy Angels will surround us as we continue the battle.

Australian Bishops take action!!

  • Cardinal George Pell criticizes Pope Francis’ encyclical stating  “But the church has no particular expertise in science … the church has got no mandate from the Lord to pronounce on scientific matters. We believe in the autonomy of science,” Pell told the Financial Times on Thursday (July 16).

Until now, Pell had remained quiet on the contents of the encyclical, despite gaining a reputation in Australia as a climate change denier. In 2011, he clashed with the then-head of Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology, Greg Ayers, who said Pell was “misled” in his climate change views

See full article at: http://thewandererpress.com/breaking/cardinal-george-pell-takes-a-swing-at-pope-francis-environmental-encyclical/

  • The Australian Bishops’ Conference released a  9 page booklet on 28th May, entitled “Don’t Mess with Marriage”, which was distributed to all parishes and to all Catholic schools in various states.
  • Archbishop Anthony Fisher OP, on 12th July, celebrated the inaugural Annual Marriage Mass with Renewal of Vows at St Mary’s Cathedral in Sydney.

Following are excerpts of his homily:

… In our first reading today, the Prophet Amos is warned to get out of Bethel because the locals would tolerate his prophesying no longer (Am 7:12-15). So too the stories of the couples celebrating significant anniversaries at this time are “signs of contradiction” for our prevailing culture. Marriage, as traditionally understood, … meant a comprehensive bodily, psychological and spiritual union between a man and a woman whereby they become “one flesh” and so found a family. That’s why these couples did not promise to become ‘spouses’ or ‘partners’ but to become ‘husband’ and a ‘wife’. That’s why they promised to be faithful (‘for better, for worse’, ‘to the exclusion of all others’) and fruitful (open to new life) and final (indissoluble, ’till death do us part’). These dimensions of real marriage make it a prophetic sign today, a sign of contradiction, because some want to reduce marriage to no more than a public statement of a physical-emotional bond between any two people. …. Marriage brings together and attempts to hold together things that otherwise tend to fall apart: man and woman, sex and love, love and babies, parents and children…

But there are voices in our culture that no longer think marriage need be for life, or be open to children, or be exclusive, or be between man and wife. They write off as benighted and bigoted those who stand by marriage as traditionally understood. As a result Christian couples today can find themselves in a position like Amos; so too can faithful pastors and single people who stand by them and the institution of marriage. This can be an uncomfortable position, for some politically, culturally and commercially powerful forces are determined to silence any alternative to the politically correct position in this matter; to bully us all into accepting the deconstruction and redefinition of a fundamental institution; and to relegate questions of what marriage is and is for as secondary to an homogenizing ‘equality’.

… So real marriage illuminates our understanding of the Christ-to-Church relationship. In turn, it strengthens our resolve to support marriages, so they really can be faithful, fruitful, final unions of people of opposite sex, while also supporting and loving people in other situations too. Thank-you dear married couples for your prophetic role in teaching us all how to love and to bear witness to Christ. May God bless you abundantly! May you all reach 75 years of marriage and die in each others arms!

For the full article see: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3147837/PICTURED-dying-embrace-husband-wife-married-75-years-died-just-hours-apart-held-hands-bed.html?ito=social-facebook

  • Australia’s bishops reaffirm marriage – and get reported to governmentBy Kevin J. Jones See for full article: http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/australias-bishops-reaffirm-marriage-and-get-reported-to-government-54284/
    Hobart, Tasmania, Jul 8, 2015 / 03:04 am (CNA/EWTN News).- In a recent pastoral letter on marriage, Australia’s Catholic bishops reaffirmed Catholic teaching. And one of the bishops has countered a leading same-sex marriage activist who said the pastoral letter should be reported to the Tasmanian government for illegal bias.

    “The Catholic Church in Tasmania is exercising its right to freedom of opinion, just as opponents to the Church’s views on marriage are also exercising their rights,” Archbishop Julian Porteous of Hobart said, according to the Catholic Leader newspaper.

    His comments concern the booklet “Don’t Mess with Marriage,” a pastoral letter the Australian bishops’ conference released May 28. He said the booklet “explains the meaning of marriage enshrined in our laws from a religious perspective.”

    Australian political leaders are considering whether to define marriage in law to recognize same-sex unions as civil marriages.

    “A document defending the current law in our nation could hardly be called discrimination,” Archbishop Porteous said.

    “We are being asked to abandon the plan of God for marriage and family (and) this would be a disastrous step to take.”

    The pastoral letter was sent home with students of Catholic high schools in several archdioceses, including Hobart. It stressed both respect for all and respect for the unique nature of marriage as a union of man and a woman.

    Randy Croome, national director of the gay marriage advocacy group Australian Marriage Equality, claimed the booklet is illegal under the law of the Australian state of Tasmania. His group cited laws that bar offensive conduct, inciting hatred, and publishing notices that promote or express discrimination.

    “The booklet likely breaches the Anti-Discrimination Act and I urge everyone who finds it offensive and inappropriate, including teachers, parents and students, to complain to the Anti-Discrimination Commissioner,” Croome said June 24.

    A formal complaint against the archbishop has been filed with the commissioner, according to the newspaper The Australian.

    Lyle Shelton, a spokesman for the non-denominational group The Christian Lobby, said Croome’s effort was an “outrageous” attempt to “dictate what a private religious school can and cannot say about marriage.”

    “Where have we come to as a society when the political activists for redefining marriage want to use the law to stop children in religious schools from being taught that religion’s teaching?” he said June 25.

    “If a family sends their child to a Christian school they should not be surprised if their children are taught the faith and morals of the school’s religious identity.”

    Australian Marriage Equality has attracted powerful allies in its push to redefine marriage. These include major businesses such as Google. Polls indicate a majority of Australians at present support redefining marriage.


    “Also we see schools as part of the evangelizing mission of the Church, not apart from it,” he told the Catholic Leader. He said advocacy of marriage redefinition is “saturating mainstream and social media.”

    “There is very little given to the opposing viewpoint,” he said.

    The pastoral letter itself rejected claims that Australian law and Catholic teaching on marriage wrongly discriminate.

    “If marriage is an institution designed to support people of the opposite sex to be faithful to each other and to the children of their union it is not discrimination to reserve it to them,” the bishops wrote. They compared marriage to programs that specially target Aborigines, refugees, children, athletes, and those with disabilities.


    “As Christians we must be willing to present the truth about marriage, family and sexuality and to do so charitably and lovingly.”
    See full article at http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-06-24/catholic-church-attacks-businesses-over-gay-marriage-support/6570082

  • Catholic Church in Sydney is writing to businesses backing same-sex marriage, outlining ‘grave concerns’
    The World Today
    By Mandie Sami
    Updated 25 Jun 2015, 8:43am

    The Catholic Church in Sydney is sending letters to companies that publicly support same-sex marriage, expressing its “grave concern” about their stance.
    The Archdiocese of Sydney has targeted some of the 150 businesses that put their names and logos to recent newspaper advertisements supporting gay marriage.See: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3125631/Anti-sex-marriage-letter-titled-Don-t-Mess-Marriage-handed-Catholic-schools
  • Various campaigns are being promoted, such as Rosary campaigns and letter writing campaigns to politicians to keep up the pressure before parliament makes a final decision on the bill that was introduced by a private member.
  • Archbishop Anthony Fisher OP will deliver a lecture to assist Australian Catholics to understand and articulate their Faith. The Archbishop will be talking on an issue of great contemporary importance, covering Marriage and Family and their role in the social fabric.The lecture is to be held in St Mary’s Cathedral College Hall on Tues. 22 JUly. (This is Supported by the Order of Malta NSW in conjunction with the Archdiocese of Sydney)

The Promises of the Sacred Heart of Jesus to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque – Feast of Sacred Heart

Sacred Heart

1. “I will give them all the graces necessary in their state of life.”

2. “I will establish peace in their homes.”

3. “I will comfort them in their afflictions.”

4. “I will be their secure refuge during life, and above all in death.”

5. “I will bestow a large blessing upon all their undertakings.”

6. “Sinners shall find in My Heart the source and the infinite ocean of mercy.”

7. “Tepid souls shall grow fervent.”

8. “Fervent souls shall quickly mount to high perfection.”

9. “I will bless every place where a picture of My Heart shall be set up and honored.”

10. “I will give to priests the gift of touching the most hardened hearts.”

11. “Those who shall promote this devotion shall have their names written in My Heart, never to be blotted out.”

12. “I promise thee in the excessive mercy of My Heart that My all-powerful love will grant to all those who communicate on the First Friday in nine consecutive months, the grace of final penitence; they shall not die in My disgrace nor without receiving the Sacraments; My Divine heart shall be their safe refuge in this last moment.”

The following First Friday devotions are efficacious in honoring the Sacred Heart of Jesus:
1. The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass

2. Adoration of the Blessed Sacrament

3. Act of Consecration to the Sacred Heart of Jesus

4. Act of Reparation

5. The Litany of the Sacred Heart of Jesus

6. The Sacrament of Reconciliation

Don’t Mess With Marriage – a Pastoral Letter from Australia’s Catholic Bishops

Good news from Aussie bishops witnessing with acts of truth for Jesus

Click on the link below to read the letter, then

click on the link within the letter to read the document on the Family.

“Catholic Communications, Sydney Archdiocese,
28 May 2015

Archbishop Anthony Fisher OP

Catholic Bishops of Australia have written a pastoral letter to all Australians  as the debate  on same-sex  “marriage” gains momentum.

The Bishops want to highlight not only the meaning of marriage but the implications in redefining marriage.

The letter says at this time in history there is much discussion about the meaning of marriage. Some suggest that it is unjustly discriminatory not to allow people with same-sex attraction to marry someone of the same sex. Others believe that marriage is an institution uniting a man and a woman.”  Read more at

http://www.sydneycatholic.org/news/latest_news/2015/2015528_1872.shtml

Let us continue to pray and fast for Cardinal  Pell  and Archbishop Anthony Fisher and all the priests and bishops of the Catholic Church in Australia.

May this witness to the truth and unity of bishops in Australia continue at the synod in October and beyond.

Trinity Sunday: The Doctrine of the Trinity

The Doctrine of the Trinity

This is the most fundamental of all Christian beliefs.

There are 3 persons in one God – Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

God has one Divine nature , but 3 persons.

Each person – Father, Son and Holy Spirit, are all equally God; they cannot be divided.

Without the the doctrine of the  Trinity, we could not have the doctrine of the divinity of Christ .

Defender of this doctrine:

The fourth century bishop of Alexandria – Saint Athanasius (296-373)  was the strongest defender of the doctrines of the Trinity and the divinity of Christ.

Saint Athanasius spent his life combating the Arian heresy, which denied the divinity of Christ by denying that there are three Persons in one God.

He composed the Athanasian Creed which defines very concisely the doctrines of the Trinity and the nature of Christ. It is the longest of the standard Christian creeds.

Trinitarian Prayers: Sign of the Cross, Glory Be, Apostles’ C reed, Athanasian Creed.

The Athanasian Creed

Whoever wishes to be saved, needs above all to hold the Catholic faith; unless each one preserves this whole and inviolate, he will without a doubt perish in eternity.

But the Catholic faith is this, that we venerate one God in the Trinity, and the Trinity in oneness; neither confounding the persons, nor dividing the substance; for there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit; but the divine nature of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit is one, their glory is equal, their majesty is coeternal.

Of such a nature as the Father is, so is the Son, so also is the Holy Spirit; the Father is uncreated, the Son is uncreated, and the Holy Spirit is uncreated; the Father is infinite, the Son is infinite, and the Holy Spirit is infinite; the Father is eternal, the Son is eternal, and the Holy Spirit is eternal; and nevertheless there are not three eternals but one eternal; just as there are not three uncreated beings, nor three infinite beings, but one uncreated, and one infinite; similarly the Father is almighty, the Son is almighty, and the Holy Spirit is almighty; and yet there are not three almightys but one almighty; thus the Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God; and nevertheless there are not three gods, but there is one God; so the Father is Lord, the Son is Lord, and the Holy Spirit is Lord; and yet there are not three lords, but there is one Lord; because just as we are compelled by Christian truth to confess singly each one person as God, and also Lord, so we are forbidden by the Catholic religion to say there are three gods or three Lords.

The Father was not made, nor created, nor begotten by anyone. The Son is from the Father alone, not made nor created, but begotten. The Holy Spirit is from the Father and the Son, not made, nor created, nor begotten, but proceeding.
There is, therefore, one Father, not three Fathers; one Son, not three Sons; one Holy Spirit, not three Holy Spirits; and in this Trinity there is nothing first or later, nothing greater or less, but all three Persons are coeternal and coequal with one another, so that in every respect, as has already been said above, both unity in Trinity, and Trinity in unity must be venerated. Therefore, let him who wishes to be saved, think thus concerning the Trinity.

But it is necessary for eternal salvation that he faithfully believes also the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Accordingly, it is the right faith, that we believe and confess, that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God is God and man. He is God begotten of the substance of the Father before time, and He is man born of the substance of His mother in time: perfect God, perfect man, consisting of a rational soul and a human body, equal to the Father according to His Godhead, less than the Father according to humanity.

Although he is God and man, yet He is not two, but He is one Christ; one however, not by the conversion of the Divinity into a human body, but by the assumption of humanity in the Godhead; one absolutely not by confusion of substance, but by unity of person. For just as the rational soul and body are one man, so God and man are one Christ.

He suffered for our salvation, descended into hell, on the third day arose again from the dead, ascended into heaven, sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead; at His coming all men have to arise again with their bodies and will render an account of their own deeds: and those who have done good, will go into life everlasting, but those who have done evil, into eternal fire.

This is the Catholic faith; unless everyone believes this faithfully and firmly, he cannot be saved. Amen.

Catholic Church Teaching: Sacramentals

“Sacramentals are holy things or actions

of which the Church makes use to obtain for us from God,

through its intercession, spiritual and temporal favors.”

  • Sacramentals increase our devotion in the worship of God.

         They include Prayers and Ceremonies of the Church, Objects of Devotion and Blessings.

  • Sacramentals resemble Sacraments – visible signs are used (Holy Water, Sign of the Cross, Rosary), together with a special form of words.
    • These visible signs invoke God’s blessing on persons, places or things, through the prayers of Holy Mother Church. We use these blessed objects to obtain favours from God.
  • Sacramentals are not necessary for salvation, but Sacraments are.
    • They have no power of themselves, but they have power through the virtue of prayers of the Church and our devout disposition.
  • Sacramentals are used to teach the truths of our faith, by sight and by inspiring good thoughts and increasing devotion.
  • Sacramentals are of benefit in times of trouble, pain, danger or temptation.
  • Effects of Sacramentals depend on our pious disposition. Those in mortal sin will not profit from them.

Chief Benefits of Sacramentals:

1. Actual Graces

2. Forgiveness of venial sins (Sacramentals are an aide to true contrition

and contrition obtains forgiveness of   sins).

3. Remission of temporal punishment.

4. Health of body and material blessings.
e.g. The Apostles anointed and healed many people
e.g. Miraculous Medal has had many miracles attributed to it.

5. Protection from evil spirits.

Sacramentals in Scripture:

In the New Testament:
Jesus blessed the loaves and fishes.
Jesus blessed the little children
Jesus blessed the Apostles before the Ascension.

In the Old Testament:
God blessed Adam and Eve
Noah blessed his sons
Isaac blessed Jacob
Moses blessed the tribes of Israel

Objects:

Holy oils, Holy water, Blessed salt, candles, ashes, palms,

Crosses and Crucifixes, Scapulars, Medals,

Rosaries, Holy pictures,

Bells, Sacred Vessels, vestments, altar linens

Persons:

Pregnant mothers. Sick people, Before an operation, At the end of Mass,

Last blessing before death, Remains of the dead, Nuptial blessing

Consecration of kings, monks and nuns

Parents blessing their children

Places:

Churches, chapels, altars, cemeteries, houses, workplaces, farms – crops, fields

Other:

Blessings for cars, planes, libraries.

Sign of the Cross.

“We should ask the priest to bless everything we use and have.

(…) By Sacramental blessings, we consecrate to God all we are and have” (My Catholic Faith p.367)

“Whether you eat or drink, or do anything else, do all for the glory of God.”(1 Cor. 10:31)

Source: My Catholic Faith by Most Rev Louis LaRavoire Morrow, S.T.D. (1954)